Algebraic General Topology. Vol 1: Paperback / E-book || Axiomatic Theory of Formulas: Paperback / E-book

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Algebraic General Topology (theory of funcoids and reloids)
Victor Porton
(Shay Agnon 32-29, Ashkelon, Israel)
E-mail: porton@narod.ru
In my book [1] I introduce some new concepts generalizing general topology, including funcoids and
reloids. The book along with supplementary materials (such as a partial draft of the second volume)
is freely available (including the L
A
T
E
X source) online.
Before studying funcoids, in my book I consider co-brouwerian lattices and lattices of filters in
particular, as the theory of funcoids is based on theory of filters. My book contains probably the best
(and most detailed) published overview of properties of filters.
Because you always can refer to my book, in this short intro I present theorems without proofs.
I denote order on a poset as v and corresponding lattice operations as
F
and
d
. I denote the least
and greatest elements (if they exist) of our poset as and > correspondingly.
1. Filters
Definition 2. I order the set F of filters (including the improper filter) reverse to set-theoretic order,
that is A v B A B for A, B F.
Proposition 3. This makes the set of filters on a set into a co-brouwerian (and thus distributive)
lattice, that is we have A t
d
S =
d
X S
(A t X ) for a set S of filters and a filter A.
4. Funcoids
Let F(A), F(B) be sets of filters on sets A, B. They are complete atomistic co-brouwerian lattices.
Definition 5. A funcoid A B is a quadruple (A, B, α, β) where α and β are functions F(A) F(B)
and F(B) F(A) correspondingly, such that Y u α(X ) 6= X u β(Y) 6= for every X F(A),
Y F(B).
Definition 6. I denote (A, B, α, β)
1
= (B, A, β, α).
Definition 7. I denote h(A, B, α, β)i = α.
Funcoids generalize such things as:
binary relations;
proximity spaces;
pretopologies;
preclosures.
For a proximity δ, define
X δ
0
Y X X , Y Y : X δ Y
for all filters X , Y. Then we have a unique funcoid f such that
X δ
0
Y Y u hf iX 6= X u hf
1
iY 6= .
Definition 8. X [f] Y Y u hfiX 6= X u hf
1
iY 6= .
Proposition 9. A funcoid f : A B is uniquely determined by hfi and moreover is uniquely deter-
mined by values of the function hf i on principal filters or by the relation [f] between principal filters.
1
2 Victor Porton
See my book for formulas for principal funcoids that is funcoids corresponding to binary relations
and for funcoids corresponding to pretopologies and preclosures (particularly funcoids corresponding
to topological spaces, as topological spaces can be considered as a special case of either pretopologies
or preclosures).
There are also several other equivalent ways to define funcoids.
Funcoids are made more interesting than topological spaces by a new operation (missing in tradi-
tional general topology), composition, which is defined by the formula
(B, C, α
2
, β
2
) (A, B, α
1
, β
1
) = (A, C, α
2
α
1
, β
1
β
2
).
10. Reloids
Reloids are basically just filters on cartesian product A × B of two given sets A and B.
Formally:
Definition 11. A reloid is a triple (A, B, F ) where A, B are sets and F is a filter on A × B.
Reloids are a generalization of uniform spaces and of binary relations.
Definition 12. Composition g f of reloids can be easily defined as the reloid determined by the filter
base consisting of compositions of binary relations defining these reloids (see the book for an exact
formula).
Proposition 13. Composition of reloids (and of funcoids) is associative.
The sets of funcoids and reloids constitute complete atomistic co-brouwerian lattices and these
lattices have interesting properties.
There are interesting relationships between funcoids and reloids, as well as special classes of funcoids
and reloids.
14. Continuity
A function f from a space µ to a space ν is continuous iff f µ v ν f. This formula works for
continuity, proximal continuity, uniform continuity, etc., so making all kinds of continuity described by
the same formula.
15. Other
My book [1] also considers pointfree generalizations of funcoids, multidimensional generalizations of
funcoids and reloids and other research topics.
I also introduce generalized limit for arbitrary (not necessarily continuous) functions.
My work introduced many new conjectures. So I give you a work.
Rerefences
[1] Victor Porton. Algebraic General Topology. Volume 1.
http://www.mathematics21.org/algebraic-general-topology.html